Peline Atamer


Head of Unit
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

Peline Atamer is a senior policy analyst and Head of Sustainable Infrastructure and Green Growth Unit within the Eurasia Division of the OECD's Global Relations and Co-operation Directorate. Her expertise covers investment and innovation policies for private sector development and sustainable growth, including sector-specific work in industry, sustainable agri-foods, and digitalization. Peline is currently leading the Sustainable Infrastructure Programme in Asia (SIPA) in Central Asia, which aims to develop capacity within governments to align investments on low-carbon targets in energy, transport and hard-to-abate industries. Prior to joining the OECD in 2014, Peline worked in the private sector as a consultant, delivering projects for public and private organizations in transport, energy and industrial sectors.

Plenary Session 1
19 June 2024 / 09:30 - 11:00 | Grand Ballroom

Opportunities for greener practices in the mining sector in Central Asia

The need for critical minerals to achieve the clean energy transition is giving new impetus to the development of mining sectors in Central Asia. Lithium, nickel, cobalt, manganese and graphite are needed for the manufacturing of batteries needed to electrify vehicle fleets in particular, rare earth elements are critical in the making of wind turbines and EV motors, while copper and aluminium are pivotal for electricity networks and technologies. Central Asia is well endowed in critical minerals as established in the critical minerals lists of many OECD countries including the US, the UK, Canada, Japan and the EU. The development potential of the Trans-Caspian International Transport Route (or ‘Middle Corridor’) holds opportunities for connecting Central Asia’s mining regions with foreign markets and enable better integration of these regions into global value chains. The mining sector, however, causes a range of environmental problems, including greenhouse emissions, air and water pollution, and ecosystem destructions. To ensure that the mining sector effectively contributes to the much needed transition to more environmentally virtuous economic systems, its development should be done in accordance with the best international practices available to reduce its harmful effects on the environment. Thus, efforts to develop fit-for-purpose mining sectors in Central Asia will require to i) create the conditions for attracting investment and financing for critical minerals in particular, and ii) reduce environmental effects of mining operations. Policy-makers and industrial operators need to work hand-in-hand to enable the necessary enabling reforms.